Differences between CV and Resume
When we want to apply for a job, a question that often pops up our mind is whether to apply with Curriculum Vitae (CV) or Resume. Though these words are used interchangeably in modern times, we find some distinct differences between CV and Resume.
Let us find the main differences between Curriculum Vitae (CV) and Resume (Résumé) in the following table for an easy understanding.
|Curriculum Vitae (CV)||Resume|
|Origin of the word and meaning
|Curriculum Vitae (CV) is a Latin word meaning
“The course of life”.
|Resume or Résumé is a French word meaning
|Resume or Résumé
|Format / Layout|
|Content / Length|
|When to use / Purpose|
|The CV is mainly used for academic purposes, such as applying for grants, fellowships, a Ph.D., or joining the staff of a university.||The resume, on the other hand, is used for regular jobs in non-academic sectors like software and others.|
|What to include|
These are the major noticeable differences between a Curriculum Vitae (CV) and a Resume.
Now let us see which format is generally used in different countries.
The UK, Ireland, New Zealand and parts of Europe:
These countrymen use the term CV in all contexts. They don’t use the term “resume” at all.
South Africa, Australia and India:
In these countries, people often use the terms CV and Resume interchangeably. The term Resume is commonly used more for private-sector jobs and CV is for public/government service positions.
The U.S., and Canada:
For Americans and Canadians, the preferred application document is Resume. They use CVs when they apply for an academic or research-oriented position. A resume and a CV are two different types of documents for these countrymen.
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